Indian ballistic missile defence programme has successfully completed its phase one, thus increasing country’s deterrence capabilities against host ballistic missile attacks. The formal node for the deployment of active missile is awaited.
As per the news published in ThePrint, the phase one of BMD (Ballistic Missile Defence) progamme has been completed. And two indigenious long range radar has been deployed for the BMD programme. As soon as programme get all clear from the government the specific missiles will be deployed.
First phase will include protection to Indian metros Delhi and Mumbai from incoming Ballistic missiles.
Though the exact time line of the deployment of the missiles has not shared, but it is said that the adequate arrangements have been made to ensure that missiles were produced in the required manner.
The two radars developed for the programme are completely indigenious. And have better range and capabilities than the Swordfish radar which India has taken from Israel.
The Swordfish is an active electronically scanned array (AESA) long-range tracking radar, specifically built to counter ballistic missiles. This radar is an derivative of Israeli Green Pine long-range radar, which is critical component of its arrow ballistic missile defence system. However, it differs from the Israeli system as it employs Indian Transmit Receive modules, signal processing, computers and power supplies. It is also more powerful than the base Green Pine system and was developed to meet India’s specific BMD needs.
India’s BMD Programme
In 1999, as a counter measure to Pakistan’s maiden nuclear test and China’s increasing intrest in the region, Indian ballistic missile programme was launced.
BMD works on two levels — endo-atmospheric (within Earth’s atmosphere) and exo-atmospheric (the space stretching beyond the Earth’s atmosphere).
While phase one deals with destroying incoming missiles at endo-atmospheric level, phase two deals with the same in exo-atmospheric level.
India’s BMD arsenal consists of a Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) missile to take out incoming missiles at a range of about 80 km in altitude and an Advanced Air Defence (AAD) missile for altitudes of 15-25 km.
In 2017,India had tested a new exo-atmospheric interceptor missile named the Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV), which reportedly intercepted a missile at an altitude of 100 km during trials.
The first missile test for a BMD system was conducted in November 2006, when a Prithvi-II missile was successfully intercepted by the PAD in the endo-atmospheric level at an altitude of about 48 km.