ISRO will conduct two unmanned mission before the final human space flight mission ‘Gaganyaan’, said Isro chairman K Sivan. These unmanned missions will be carried out between 2020-21 before the final mission.
As per the schedule the first unmanned mission out of the two will be launched in the December 2020. And the second unmanned test will be in July 2021 and finally, the human spaceflight program (HSP) will be launched in December 2021.
Isro chairman didn’t revealed what type of test will be carried out during the above two unmanned missions. But as budget has been cleared for the mission Isro is going seriously over the project.
On crew selection, chairman said that “The spacesuit is ready. The crew members will be jointly selected by the IAF and ISRO after which they will be trained for two-three years. We well send them to training facility in Bengaluru. We are consulting Rakesh Sharma (first Indian cosmonaut to go to space in 1984) for the mission”, he also told that if required the astronauts wil be sent to foreign training if needed.
Till date, Isro has spent Rs 173 crore in developing critical technologies for the Human space flight program. Critical technologies needed for HSP include a crew module (CM), crew escape system (CES) and environmental control and life support system (ECLSS). An advance version of GSLV MK-III has been designed as the launch vehicle for the mission.
On July 5, Isro had carried out a crucial pad abort test when a 12.5-ton crew module was tested to make sure the crew could be rescued safely in case of an accident on the launch pad.